For Chinese initiative of Modern Maritime Silk Road, see 21st Century Maritime Silk Route Economic Belt. Maritime Silk Road or Maritime Silk Route refer to the maritime section of silk road book pdf Silk Road that connects China to Southeast Asia, Indonesian archipelago, Indian subcontinent, Arabian peninsula, all the way to Egypt and finally Europe, that flourished between 2nd-century BCE and 15th-century CE. South China Sea, Strait of Malacca, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf and the Red Sea.


The maritime route overlaps with historic Southeast Asian maritime trade, Spice trade, Indian Ocean trade and after 8th century—the Arabian naval trade network. The network also extend eastward to East China Sea and Yellow Sea to connect China with Korean Peninsula and Japanese archipelago. On May 2017, experts from various fields have held a meeting in London to discuss the proposal to nominate “Maritime Silk Route” as a new UNESCO World Heritage Site. UNESCO Expert Meeting for the World Heritage Nomination Process of the Maritime Silk Routes”.

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