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Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sources, with multiple points of view. 99th sura of the Qur’an, composed of 8 verses. Though it is usually classified as a Medinan sura, the period under which the sura was revealed is not unanimously agreed upon by Qur’anic exegetes. The sura begins by describing how on the Day of Judgment, the Earth will give off a terrible earthquake and “throw up her burdens”.
Through the inspiration of God, the Earth will bear witness to the actions of men it has witnessed. According to Michael Sells, the earth opening up and bearing forth her secrets in this sura is indicative of a birth metaphor. The earth al-‘Ard in the feminine gender bears forth of how her lord revealed the final secret to her.
Human beings will then realize that the moment of accountability has arrived. This meticulous accountability will reflect good and evil deeds that might have seemed insignificant at the time.
That day mankind will issue forth in scattered groups to be shown their deeds. And whoso doeth ill an atom’s weight will see it then. Whether or not it was revealed, at Makkah or Madinah, is disputed. Ibn Masud, Ata, Jabir, and Mjahid say that it is a Makki Surah and a statement of Ibn Abbas also supports this view.
On the contrary, Qatadah and Muqatil say that it is Madani and another statement of Ibn Abbas also has been cited in support of this view. That it is a Madani Surah is reasoned from a tradition from Hadrat Abu Said Khudri, which Ibn Abi Hatim has related from him.
He says: “When the verse Fa-man ya mal mithqala dharratin khairan yarah, wa man ya mal mithqala dharratin sharran yarah, was revealed, I said: “O Messenger of Allah, shall I really see my deeds? The Holy Messenger replied in the affirmative. I submitted: And every major sin? I said: And the minor sins too?