This article is about the form of physical exercise. School children perform sit-ups, a common type bodyweight workout routine pdf calisthenic, during a school fitness day.


Calisthenics are exercises consisting of a variety of gross motor movements—running, standing, grasping, pushing, etc. They are, in essence, body-weight training. When performed vigorously and with variety, calisthenics can provide the benefits of muscular and aerobic conditioning, in addition to improving psychomotor skills such as balance, agility and coordination. Individuals and groups train to be able to perform advanced calisthenics skills such as muscle-ups, barspins, and both front and back levers.

Calisthenics are also popular as a component of physical education in primary and secondary schools over much of the globe. In addition to general fitness, calisthenic exercises are often used as baseline physical evaluations for many military organizations, such as the U. Army Physical Fitness Test and the U.